Soft-Tissue Regeneration, Wound Recovery and Bone Healing
The use of direct current (DC) stimulation for the healing of tissue is based on the concept that it can enhance the naturally occurring DC potentials associated with natural repair, thereby stimulating the healing process. It has been postulated that living tissue possesses DC electro-potentials that regulate the healing process. When tissue damage occurs, the injury creates a current that triggers the body to biologically repair itself. Studies in both humans and animals have shown that electrical stimulation (ems) can actually enhance wound healing. In cases where wounds have shown to be chronic and/or have not healed within the expected time frame, it has been suggested that normal electro-biological healing processes have been arrested. The use of external electro-stimulation of such wounds theoretically produces a series of events which ‘jump-start’ the normal healing process.
Work by Robert Becker suggests that bioelectrical activity occurs throughout the body in a complex field that is closely related to the distribution of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Localized injuries, as well as disease, are thought to lead to a disturbance of this whole-body bioelectrical system, acting as a stimulus for the regeneration and repair process.
It has also been long reported that electrical stimulation can be used to enhance bone healing. When external forces are placed on bone, an electrical potential is generated. Negative electrical potentials have been recorded at fracture sites, which is in line with the “current of injury” theory proposed by Becker. Fukada and Yasuda suggested that the induced electrical potentials at the cathode (negative electrode) triggered the body’s piezoelectrical potentials, which enhance bone repair and growth. Although regarded with skepticism by many in the medical field, there is abundant evidence from clinical studies of the effectiveness of electrical stimulation for bone healing.
Content taken from http://www.orangekidz.nl/pages/Electronic-Muscle-Stimulation-%28EMS%29.html
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